Between the Qishash and the Fasting Commandment

By Admin Mediaummat | 04 March 2022 12:31:48 | 151 | 0
picture by: Muslim how to
picture by: Muslim how to

The verse on the obligation of fasting Ramadan in the Qur'an turns out to have something to do with the composition of the previous verse that contains about qishash (murder). So what is the implied meaning of the composition of the verse? 


Regarding the verse on fasting, Allah SWT said in QS Al-Baqarah verse 183:  “Ya ayyuhalladzina aamanuu kutiba alaikumusshiyaamu kamaa kutiba alal-ladzina min qablikum la’allakum tattaqun.” Which means: "O you who have believed, it is obligatory for you to fast as was prescribed for those before you, so that you may be god fearing."


As told in Republika, Qur'anic expert Prof KH Ahsin Sakho explained the verse is composed after the verse on qishash is revealed. Allah says in the Qur'an Surah Al-Baqarah verse 178: “Ya ayyuhalladzina aamanuu kutiba alaikuml-qishashu fil-qatla.” Which means: "O you who have believed, it is obligatory for you to qishash concerning those who are killed."


According to Sakho, the verse on the obligation to fast is revealed after the verse on qishash because qishash is an act identified with bad behavior. "Why would someone kill? Because he has bad qualities. So the verse shaum (fasting) was sent down after the verse qishash, so he should fast," said Kiai Ahsin when contacted by republika, Wednesday (7/4).


The obligation to fast is an opportunity given by God to mankind in order to increase piety. According to him, fasting is closely related to psychiatry that can test the recesses of one's heart so that it is always filled by Allah SWT.


If a person can go through his fast well, it means he fears Allah SWT. He was able to escape and climb the higher stairs of piety. As is known, in fasting Muslims are not only encouraged to refrain from food and drink, but also refrain from lust.


Therefore, he said, committing murder or committing suicide bombings is an act of self-harm and others. Moreover, he said, in Islam the act of killing is included in the seven major sins as conveyed by the Prophet ().


"During fasting, do not kill, reproach alone should not be, if we want to retaliate against anyone, you should say: ana shaaim (I fast),"